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National Park Aconquija

The incredible sensation of feeling the clouds above our heads.

Aconquija National Park is part of the new series of national parks established by Argentina from the 90s as a result of a policy aimed at protecting and sustaining environmental development in full respect of nature and biodiversity.

And as part of the Argentine parks, it stands out for the absolutely natural and virgin environment that encompasses its entire surface, where many endangered plant and animal species are protected, guarded and respected.

 

How to get.

 

The most advisable thing is to leave from Tucumán to Concepción along National Route 38, approx. 75 km. from Concepción to Alpachiri by National Route 65, approx 17 km and from there by provincial route. 330 (consolidated gravel road 12 km to the entrance to the Park and 3 km more to reach the public use area in the Santa Rosa area.

A typical mountain flower.

Another alternative means of transportation is to reach the capital of Tucumán where buses arrive from all over the country and daily flights from Buenos Aires and Córdoba.

To reach the protected area you can get to Concepción and even Alpachiri by public transport and from there rent a car, hire a remise or resort to a tourism agency (the buses leave in Alpachiri, 12 km away). It is also possible to rent a van in Concepción.

 

Yungas Ecosystem.

 

The lower zone of the Yungas has a climate from tropical to subtropical, rainy and cloudy.

As commented in the parks, the **Aconquija National Park** houses a particular sample of the eco-regions of the Yungas, the High Andes and the transition environments (ecotones) between the two.

An exponent of the Yunga and Altoandina ecoregions, the protected area conserves the headwaters of the Jaya and Las Pavas rivers, which, lying on the eastern slopes of the Aconquija mountains, carry their waters to the valleys and cultivation fields of Tucumán.

 

Jungle flora is abundant in tree species.

 

Although the jungle flora is lavish in tree species, the presence of the alder of the hill deserves to be highlighted, which gives its name to the Campo de los Alisos portal.

The typical thorny mountain bush with flowers.

Although it also grows in the jungle, this species is characteristic of the Montane Forest between 1,500 and 2,000 meters above sea level, where it forms almost pure associations.

It is considered a very useful species to fix and protect degraded soils, due to its rapid growth and ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen.

 

The fauna registers more than 400 species.

 

The Smooth Parrot is one of the most representative bird species in Aconquija National Park.

The fauna is not far behind in terms of diversity. So far, more than 400 species of vertebrates have been registered, among which are guanacos, river wolves, the Andean cat, the mountain frog and the ocelot.

A separate paragraph corresponds to the Smooth Parrot, an endemic species of the Yunga of northwestern Argentina and southern Bolivia. This parrot nests only in the Montane Forest, between November and March. During the winter, it forms flocks that go to the lower areas to feed on the fruits of the cebil fork and other plants in the foothills.

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